Monday, 13 June 2016

Carnatic Music and Meaning

We initiated exploring what music is and now lets continue to understand some of the basic terms in Music and their meaning.

Dwadasa Swara Sthanas:

As discussed here ,sa,re,ga,ma,pa,da,ni are called Saptaswaras.These swaras excluding sa and pa (shadjamam and panchamam) in turn have 2 more swaras each as detailed in Shruthi.

Aarohana:

Singing or playing swaras in an ascending order with any swara as reference is called Aarohana.

Example : sa,re,ga,ma

Avarohana:

Singing or playing swaras in descending order with any swara as reference is called Avarohana.

Example : Sa,ni,da,pa

Sthayi:

Tone of swara is Sthayi,divided as below:
  1. Madrasthayi 
  2. Madhyasthayi
  3. tharasthayi
  4. anumandrasthayi
  5. athitharasthayi
Aavarthamu:

When number of beats in a particular tala is followed from start to end in one cycle,it is said one aavarthamu is completed.

Example : tisra jathi triputa talam
 Laghuvu-1 drutam-1 drutsm-1
  s  r   g      |       s   r     |       g   m  ||

Dhathuvu:

Swara aavarthamu in a Raga is called Dhathuvu .

Example m p | d S S R ||          (sri gananadha geetham)

Maathuvu:

Sahithya of above music is called Mathuvu.

Example : Sri gananadha

Prathama,dwithiya,tritiya Kalam (first,second,third speeds) :

    1. Prathama kalam(first speed)  : Singing one swara for one beat ,ex: sa
    2. Dwitiya kalam(second speed) : Singing two swaras for one beat , ex: sa re
    3. thritiya kalam(third speed)     : Singing four swaras for one beat , ex: sa re ga ma
Tala:

Tala shows the rhythm or pace of Musical writings.

Ta - Tandavam (Lord Siva)
La - Lasyam       (Power)

Talangamu:


Divisions of Tala is Talangamu
OR
Talangamu also represents the gap between letters or swaras.They are-

  1. Anudrutham - represented as U ( 1 beat )
  2. Drutham - represented as o ( 2 beats )
  3. Laghuvu - represented as I ( 4 beats for chatusrajathi laghuvu)
Sapta Tala:

Druva Tala IOII
Matya Tala IOI
Rupaka Tala OI
Jhampa Tala IUO
Triputa Tala IOO
Ata Tala IIOO
Eka Tala I

Pancha Jathi:

'Jathi' is represented by number of 'letters of laghuvu'.
  1. Chathusra jathi - I4
  2. Tisra jathi - I3
  3. Misra jathi - I7
  4. Khanda jathi - I5
  5. Sankeerna jathi - I9

Wednesday, 8 June 2016

What is Music

We often hear that Raga,Tala,Swara are important in 'Music'.But What exactly is Raga? Tala? Swara?Does the meaning change from one form of music to another? Oh, and What is Music?


MUSIC :

music
Keys
"Geetham vadhyamcha nruthyamcha trayam sangeetha muchyathe"

Song,Rhythm,Expression(through dance also) when combines ,is called Music(Sangeetham).

OR

"RaagaSwarascha Talascha Thribhi Sangeetha muchyathe"

Raga,Swara,Tala together is called Music(Sangeetham)


Sruthi :

"Sruyantha ithi sruthayah"

Sthaayi or tone or notes (without highs-lows) that are soothing to ear is called Sruthi.

Example : sa - Pa - Sa   ( where sa represent lower shadjamam and 'Sa' ,higher)

Swara:

"Swathoramjayati srothu chitham suswara vuchyathe"

And this is beauty --> Swa              - ram
                                        swayamuga  ranjimpachesedi is Swaram .

SapthaSwara:
musical note
Musical note


7 swaras which are sa,re,ga,ma,pa,da,ni are called Sapthaswara.Each Swara has a name as discussed HERE


This isn't everything.There are some more carnatic music terms which explain the actual meaning of 'Music'.We will explore more in the next post. :)

Wednesday, 18 May 2016

Sri Rama Chandra Krupal-Tulasidas

Sri rama chandra krupalu bhajumana haran bhavabhaya darunam is a Tulasidas kriti.Why I am writing now is because,remembering this kirtana gives me relief :) My Guru taught me this kirtana in Sindhu bhairavi raga.I can never forget how happy my teacher used to be when I sing the phrase, bhavabhaya dArunam.May my Guru and all the Gurus who left us be blessed with peace.

Sri Ram
Sri Ram

Pallavi:Sri Ramachandra krupalu bhajumana harana bhavabhaya darunam

Charanam1:Kandarpa aganitha amitha bhavi nava nila nirajasundaram
Pata Peet manav tadit ruchi suchi navmi galada suthaparam

Charanam2:Bhajudina bhandu dinesha danava daityavamsanikandanam
Raghunanda anandakanda kosqala chanda dsaratha nandanam

Charanam3:Siramukuta kundala tilaka char udaru angavibhushanam
Ajanubhuja sar chapadhar sangram dish kar dushanam

Charanam4:Ithivadathi tulasidaa sankara shesha munimana ranjanam
mama hridaya kunj nivas kuruka madikhala dal ganjanam

I will soon upload this Sri rama chandra krupalu kriti by tulasi das in sindhubhairavi :)

Squirrel
Squirrel
Image:Above images are part of our trip to Karnataka,Halebidu and Beluru.Found the Sqirrel image apt to discussion on Lord Rama :)

Prince rama varma

Some years back when I was searching for tutorials on Thillanas ,I found Prince Rama Varma's Videos,disciple of Balamuralikrishna .I opened a video where he explains some voice tips based on gamakas,referring prathama dwithiya,thrithiya kalam(speed) practice of janta swaralu(janta varisai) and alamkarams.There is so much devotion in his voice that I continued listening to his other videos.I say devotion because whoever listens to his swara singing will not stop repeating those swaras with hi in whichever speed or how long the swaram is.At the end I realized how easier Prince Rama Varma makes classical music learning.Person with hardly any grip into Manodharma Sangeetham feels relieved after listening to his way of explaining.

I liked this article where he explains 'Why Music? Why Music by Prince Rama Varma
Guitar
Music is divine
In relation to what I said ,here is the video,say sample of my description :)


Tuesday, 10 May 2016

Carnatic Music Idol

Having interest towards Music reality shows of good standard(not participating though ;)),I have been browsing for some gamaka janta swara on Youtube and was awestruck coming across these videos.Since my mother tongue is telugu,I hardly watched any shows in other languages.But by this,I learnt once again that ,in art, you should explore widely.Classical music reminds us everytime from every composition to understand and experiment each Raga,understand it more deeply.

I just want all the Carnatic music lovers not to miss such good videos available on web.


Monday, 9 May 2016

Padumnabha Paramapurusha

When I was learning this geetham, padumanabha paramapurusha ,which is in Malahari Ragam,composed by Purandhara Das garu,I felt proud singing the swaram.The composition is so beautiful.Later when I understood the meaning of geetham,I realised why these composers are treated as God.This geetham is praising Lord Rama ,describing with beautiful adjectives ,nouns and we can see Purandara das ability in composing ,with this small example.Praising ,describing ,praying Lord Rama doesn't have suitable composition than this.I will put forward some of the word's meanings,not all in the below.

Ragam-Malahari

Pallavi : Padumanabha paramapurusha Paramjyothi swaroopa

paduma is lotus , nabha is navel

Vidhuravandhya vimalacharitha vihamgadhi rohana

vandhya is the one who destroys ,vimala -charitha is pure stories :)

Anupallavi :Udathi niwasa uragashayana unnathonnatha mahima
yadukulothama yagna rakshaka ,yagna sikshaka rama nama

sikshaka is preach

Charanam : Vibhishanapalaka namo namo Ibha varadayaka namo namo
Shubhaprada sumanorada surendra manoranjana abhinava purandara vithala bhallare rama nama

subhaprada is good fortune,manoranjana is cheerfulness

Padumanabha paramapurusha
Music





Thursday, 4 February 2016

Dudukugala Pancharatna Kriti

Dudukugala nanne brova composition is so beautiful that whenever I listen to gain perfection ,I do nothing except closing my eyes and enjoy the sahityam,composition.
Legends MS subbalakshmi garu ,kunnakudi and many others in thyagaraja aaradhana utsavam. smile emoticon

pallavi
duDuku gala nannE dora koDuku brOcurA entO
anupallavi
kaDu durviSayA krSTuDai-gaDiya gaDiyaku ninDAru
caraNam 1
shrI vanitA hrtkumudAbjA vAngmAnasa gOcara
caraNam 2
sakala bhUtamula andu nI vaiyuNDaga madilEka pOyina
caraNam 3
ciruta prAyamu nADe bhajanAmrta rasavihIna kutarkuDaina
caraNam 4
para dhanamula koraku nOrula madini karaga-baliki kaDupu nimpa diriginaTTi
caraNam 5
tanamadini bhuvini saukhyapu jIvanamE anucu sadA dinamulu gaDipE
caraNam 6
telayani naTaviTa kSUdrulu vanitalu sva vashamauta- kupadEshinci santasilli
svaralayambu lerungakanushIlAtmuDai su-bhaktulaku samanamanu
caraNam 7
druSTiki sArambagu lalanA sadanArbhaka sEnAmita dhanAdulanu dEvadi dEva
nera nammitini gAkanI padAbja bhajanambu maracina
caraNam 8
cakkani mukha kamalambunu sadA nA midilO smaraNa lEkanE durmadAndha-
janula kOri paritApamulacE dagili nogili durvisaya durAsalanu rOyalEka
satata maparAdhinai capala cittuDanaina
caraNam 9
mAnavatanu durlabha manucu nEnci paramAnanda mondaleka mada matsara
kAma lObha mOhamulaku dAsuDai mOsabOti gAka modaTi kulajuDagucu bhuvini
shUdula panulu salpucunu uNTinigAka nArAdamulu kOri sArahIna matamulanu sAdhimpa dArumAru
caraNam 10
satulakai konnALLAstikai sutulakai konnALLu dhana tatulakai tirigiti nayya tyAgarAjApta ituvaNTi

Lyrics of Dudukugala nanne brova reference : www.karnatic.com